Four widely used electromagnetic field solvers are applied to the problem of scattering by a spherical or spheroidal silver nanoparticle in glass. The solvers are tested in a frequency range where the imaginary part of the scatterer refractive index is relatively large. The scattering efficiencies and near-field results obtained by the different methods are compared to each other, as well as to recent experiments on laser-induced shape transformation of silver nanoparticles in glass.
By irradiating spherical metal nanoparticles embedded in glass with several hundred ultrashort laser pulses at peak intensities of 0.2–1.5 TW∕cm^2, dichroic microstructures can be written in these nanocomposite materials. The underlying mechanism is transformation of the nanoparticles to prolate shapes. Using a single wavelength, the maximum aspect ratio achievable with this process is limited by partial destruction of particles. Here we show that this limitation can be overcome by simultaneous irradiation with different wavelengths.
The excitation of cavity standing waves in double-slit structures in thin gold films, with slit lengths between 400 and 2560 nm, was probed with a strongly focused electron beam in a transmission electron microscope. The energies and wavelengths of cavity modes up to the 11th mode order were measured with electron energy loss spectroscopy to derive the corresponding dispersion relation. For all orders, a significant redshift of mode energies accompanied by a wavelength elongation relative to the expected resonator energies and wavelengths is observed.
Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a monochromated transmission electron microscope is applied to probe standing-wave-like cavity modes hybridized with surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) in rectangular submicron slits in a thin gold film. Coupling of hybridized SPP-cavity modes between two adjacent slits is studied by systematically varying the width of the metal bar d that separates the identical slits in a two-slit system.
We present a perturbative approach to the time-domain computation of three-wave-mixing signals from plasmonic nanostructures. Based on a hydrodynamic material model which features nonlinear as well as nonlocal characteristics, we compute the ultrafast response of electrons in metals in a perturbative manner, where fundamental waves and second-order response are evaluated separately.
A detailed computational study of the wavelength-dependent efficiency of optical second-harmonic generation in plasmonic nanostructures is presented. The computations are based on a discontinuous Galerkin Maxwell solver that utilizes a hydrodynamic material model to calculate the free-electron dynamics in metals without any further approximations. Besides wave-mixing effects, the material model thus contains the full nonlocal characteristics of the electromagnetic response, as well as intensity-dependent phenomena such as the Kerr effect.
We design an on-chip single mode photon to surface-plasmon coupler. Our coupler consists of a tapered dielectric waveguide and a V-shaped plasmonic part. In contrast to other concepts designated to minimized-loss coupling into long-ranging waveguides, we focus on an easy-to-fabricate structure working in the visible spectral range. The air-cladded design provides full experimental access to the evanescent fields emerging from the plasmonic stripe guide.
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